The Oaxaca Action Plan of Indigenous

The Oaxaca Action Plan of Indigenous Peoples:From Cancun to Durban and Beyond

oaxaca1 copia

In the image appear the participants in the indigenous ceremony in front of the St. Domingo Church of Oaxaca and the presidium of the closing event.In the city of Oaxaca, Juarez, Mexico, 10 – 12 October 2011.

Indigenous Peoples representatives and participating governments were to provide continuity of the results of the International Technical Workshop of Indigenous Peoples and States on UNFCCC negotiations that took place in Xcaret, Qunitana Roo, 27 – 29 September 2010, in light of the Cancun Agreements – which include advances in the recognition of indigenous peoples rights – and analyze the outstanding challenges in the global climate regime within the framework of UNFCCC negotiations towards Durban, South Africa (COP17).

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First Week

International Indigenous Forum on Climate Change after the First Week of Negotiations
Durban, South Africa, November 28, 2011

Mrs. and Mr. Participants:
I thank the presidency and CMP7 for this opportunity. I am the President of the Confederation of Indigenous Peoples of Bolivia. I speak on behalf of the International Indigenous Peoples’ Forum on Climate Change to convey our history of defending life and profound unity with nature. The impacts of climate change are very grave and an expression of a crisis of civilization.
We need decisions like the following:

  1. To prioritize the consolidation of Territories of our Peoples with the holistic, harmonic management of Living Well, Full Life, of the strategic ecosystems for cooling the planet.
  2. To halt the destruction of nature and territories by extractive industries, agro-industries, biofuels, megaprojects and assume the corresponding reparations.
  3. To identify and halt “carbon traders and carbon cowboys” and establish a system of accreditation of REDD+ operators that is transparent and trustworthy.
  4. Direct access of our Peoples to the Green Fund and other climate funds, and prioritizing the territorial rights of peoples in their entirety including the forests and natural resources.
  5. To strengthen the agriculture of our peoples, guaranteeing food security and sovereignty, without which they are subjected to perverse privatizing incentives of markets.
  6. To build alternative funding mechanisms for the social and environmental sustainability of forests, based on public funds.
  7. Durban must deliver a legally binding outcome in the form of an amendment to the Kyoto Protocol for the further commitment period that supports a binding aggregate emissions reduction target for developed countries (Annex 1) of at least 45% with a preferred level of 49% below 1990 levels by 2020 and at least 95% by 2050. CMP7 must have mechanisms for the participation of our Peoples in accordance with the implementation the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

We invite you to meetings with the Indigenous Caucus to advance in these directions, including the Rio+20 process.
Africa is full of culture and history. We feel the clamor of her peoples to make decisions so that humanity, which was born in these lands, has continuity.
Thank you very much.

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Señoras y señores Participantes:
Agradezco a la presidencia y a la CMP 17 por esta oportunidad.  Soy Presidente de la Confederación de Pueblos Indígenas de Bolivia. Hablo por el Foro Internacional de Pueblos Indígenas sobre Cambio Climático, para transmitir nuestra historia de defensa de la Vida y unidad profunda con la naturaleza. Los impactos del cambio climático son gravísimos y expresión de una crisis de civilización. Necesitamos decisiones como las siguientes:

  1. Priorizar la consolidación de Territorios de nuestros Pueblos con la gestión holística, armónica, de Buen Vivir, Vida Plena, de los ecosistemas estratégicos para enfriar el planeta.
  2. Detener la destrucción de la naturaleza y territorios por industrias extractivas, agroindustrias, biocombustibles, megaproyectos; y asumir las indemnizaciones respectivas.
  3. Identificar y detener a los “mercaderes y estafadores del carbono”, y establecer un sistema de acreditación de operadores sobre REDD+ que sea transparente y confiable.
  4. Acceso directo de nuestros Pueblos al Fondo Verde y fondos climáticos, y se prioricen en los derechos territoriales de los pueblos en su integridad, incluyendo bosques y recursos naturales.
  5. Fortalecer la agricultura de nuestros pueblos, garantizando la seguridad y soberanía alimentaria, sin que sean sometidos a incentivos perversos de privatización de mercados
  6. Construir mecanismos alternativos de financiamiento de la sustentabilidad social y ambiental de los bosques, basado en fondos públicos.
  7. Durban debe entregar un resultado jurídicamente vinculante en la forma de una enmienda al Protocolo de Kioto para un plazo adicional de compromiso que apoye una meta agregada vinculante de reducción de emisiones para los países desarrollados  (Anexo 1) de por lo menos 45% con un nivel preferido de 49% por debajo de los niveles de 1990 para 2020 y al menos 95% para 2050. CMP7 debe contar con mecanismos para la participación de nuestros Pueblos de acuerdo con la implementación de la Declaración de las Naciones Unidas sobre los Derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas.

Los invitamos a encuentros con el Caucus Indígena para avanzar en las direcciones señaladas, incluyendo el proceso hacia Rio+20.  África está llena de cultura e historia.  Sentimos el clamor de sus pueblos para tomar decisiones para que la humanidad que nació en estas tierras, tenga continuidad.  Muchas gracias.

 

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Arranca la Cumbre del Clima de las Naciones Unidas en Durban, Sudáfrica.

Representantes de los 195 países que integran la Convención de Naciones Unidas sobre Cambio Climático están reunidos en Durban (Sudáfrica), estarán durante dos semanas para continuar las negociaciones en la lucha contra el clima pero sin expectativas de alcanzar un acuerdo global vinculante.

Es el  marco de esta Cumbre (COP 17),  también están presente los representantes  de los pueblos indígenas, de las organizaciones indígenas, como, Alianza Mundial de los Pueblos Indígenas y Tribales de los Bosques tropicales; Coordinadora de Organizaciones Indígenas de la Cuenca Amazónica (COICA); el Consejo Indígena de Centro América (CICA); el Consejo Indígena de Meso América (CIMA);  y otras organizaciones indígenas de Abya Yala, el Foro Indígena del Abya Yala, que a su vez forma parte del Caucus Indígena Global que se reunió el viernes 25 en Durban.

El cónclave indígena se instaló bajo la presidencia compartida de Stanley Kimaren Riamit, indígena de Kenia y representante de Mainyoto Pastoralists Integrated Development Organisation (MPIDO), y Miguel Palacín Quispe, indígena quechua de Perú, Coordinador General de la Coordinadora Andina de Organizaciones Indígenas (CAOI).

El Caucus indígena internacional conformó cinco grupos de trabajo que abordarán las preocupaciones y propuestas con relación a la visión compartida, adaptación, mitigación, transferencia de tecnología y finanzas, el protocolo de Kioto y REDD.

Durante las intervenciones que antecedieron a la organización de los grupos de trabajo, los delegados indígenas informaron de las reuniones preparatorias en diversas regiones del mundo a lo largo del año.

El mensaje central que lleva hoy el Caucus Indígena a la Sala de Conferencias de la Conferencia de las Partes de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático (COP17) es priorizar la consolidación de los territorios indígenas y la gestión basada en el Buen Vivir de los ecosistemas estratégicos, para detener el cambio climático.
Naturalmente, ello implica detener la destrucción de la naturaleza y los territorios por las actividades extractivas, agroindustrias, biocombustibles y megaproyectos, así como asumir las indemnizaciones respectivas.

El Caucus Indígena continuará reuniendo con representantes de pueblos indígenas de todo el mundo para planificar sus intervenciones en la COP 17 en la ciudad de Durban, Sudáfrica, entre el 28 de noviembre y 09 de diciembre.

La COICA detalló los acuerdos de la reunión de Manaos (Brasil); el Foro Indígena del Abya Yala sobre Cambio Climático y la Red de Mujeres Indígenas por la Biodiversidad compartieron los acuerdos arribados en las recientes reuniones de Guatemala. De igual manera se informó de las recomendaciones de la reunión de Oaxaca, entre delegados de Estados y pueblos indígenas.

La mayoría de países y bloques se han manifestado a favor de un segundo período del Protocolo de Kioto, Estados Unidos, Australia, Nueva Zelanda, Rusia y Japón siguen resistiéndose a la adopción de compromisos vinculantes. Y el tema crucial, las metas precisas de reducción de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero (GEI), será el nudo de las negociaciones durante la presente semana.
En el debate, hasta el momento, la mayoría de Estados se están pronunciando por la continuidad del Protocolo de Kioto. Canadá ha propuesta una renovación por cinco años, esto es, desde el 2012 hasta el 2017.

El Caucus indígena  preparó una declaración de apertura, que transcribimos al final de esta nota.

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Press Conference

International Indigenous Peoples’ Forum on Climate Change (IIFPCC)

International Indigenous Peoples’ Forum on Climate Change
Durban, South Africa
December 2, 2011

cONFERENCIA DE pRENSA

We, the Indigenous Peoples of the world, united in the face of the climate crisis and the lack of political will of the States, especially the biggest emitters of greenhouse gases, demand the immediate adoption of legally binding agreements with shared but differentiated responsibilities, to halt global warming and to define alternative models of development in harmony with Mother Earth.

For decades, Indigenous Peoples have warned that climate change confirms that the harmonic relationship between humans and Mother Earth has been ruptured, endangering the future of humanity in its entirety. The whole model of civilization that began 500 years ago with the pillaging of the natural resources for profit and the accumulation of capital, is in crisis. The alternative is to change the system, not the climate, based on a new paradigm for civilization, Living Well with harmony between the peoples and Mother Earth.

OurProposals

General Framework:

  • Recognize and respect the self determination of Indigenous Peoples, in particular our rights to territories and natural resources , in accordance with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
  • Ensure and guarantee the full and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples at all levels, respecting the processes based on consultation and free, prior and informed consent in accordance with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
  • Recognize, respect and strengthen the fundamental contribution of the traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of Indigenous Peoples.
  • Review the concepts of development based on the accumulation of wealth that emphasizes unlimited exploitation of natural resources.

 

SharedVision:

  • We urge developed countries to agree on a framework of legally binding commitments on concrete greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) reduction targets as the follow-up to the Kyoto Protocol that ends in 2012.
  • We propose emissions reductions of at least 45% to 1990 levels by 2020 and at least 95% by 2050.
  • Gradual elimination of the development of fossil fuels and a moratorium on new fossil fuel exploitation in or near Indigenous Peoples lands and territories, respecting the rights of Indigenous Peoples.
  • Shared vision for long-term cooperation must not be limited to defining the increase of temperature and the concentration of GHG in the atmosphere, but rather it must include in an integral and balanced manner a set of financing, technological measures on adaptation, capacity building, patterns of production, consumption and other essential issues like the recognition of the rights of Mother Earth to reestablish our harmony with nature.

Technology Transfer:

  • Knowledge is universal and may not for any reason be subject to private property and use, and neither should its application in the form of technology. Developed countries should share their technology with developing countries.
  • Technology transfer and installation should be immediate, timely, free of any costs, in harmony with Mother Earth and free of conditions, whether they are related to already patented technologies or unreleased information.
  • Establish guidelines for creating a multilateral and multidisciplinary mechanism for continuous participatory control, management and evaluation of technology exchange. These technologies should be useful, clean and socially appropriate.
  •  Establish a fund for financing and inventory of appropriate technologies that are free of intellectual property rights, especially patents that should be transferred from private monopolies to the public domain with free access and at low cost

Adaptation and mitigation:

  • Guarantee respect, protection and promotion of indigenous peoples’ traditional knowledge and sustainable livelihoods, including the cultural and spiritual aspects.
  • Public policies and funds should prioritize full recognition of indigenous peoples’ territory. Indigenous Peoples own natural resource use, management and conservation systems should be recognized and promoted.
  • The monitoring, reporting and verification system should not be limited to measuring changes in forest coverage, but rather incorporate social variables, specifically those related to the fulfillment of indigenous rights.
  • All mitigation and adaptation evaluation, recovery and development actions should incorporate indigenous peoples’ knowledge and technologies, subject to their free, prior and informed consent and also guarantee the full participation of indigenous experts.
  • We demand that the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues recommend to the United Nations High Commission that Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of Indigenous Peoples prepare a report about the impacts of climate change on indigenous peoples.
  • The States should ensure that indigenous peoples have the right of mobility and are not forced to relocate far from their traditional territories and lands and that the rights of peoples in voluntary isolation are respected.
  • With regards to climate change migration, adequate programs and measures shall be in accordance with their rights, statutes, conditions and vulnerabilities.

Financing:

  • All financing mechanisms for climate change mitigation and adaptation must be established under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and directly provide resources to Indigenous Peoples.
  • To establish participatory mechanisms to guarantee transparency and accountability in all the funding procedures and operations. The resources should come from public monies and be additional to the funds for development aid.
  • To establish a special fund that allows Indigenous Peoples and local communities to develop their own activities and contributions to address climate change.
  • Developed countries must commit new annual funding of at least 6% of its gross national product to face climate change in the developing countries.
  • Funding must be direct, without conditioning and not violate the sovereignty nor the self determination of Indigenous Peoples.
  • The international financial institutions, like the World Bank, must no administer the funds created or to be created  because they finance projects that contribute to global warming and especially now that the World Bank pretends to eliminate the safeguards on Indigenous Peoples with the “Program for Results” – P4R
  • Developed countries, the principal countries that have caused climate change, must assume their historic and current responsibility and recognize and honor their climate debt fully, which is the basis for a just, effective, scientific solution to climate change.
  • In the framework of climate debt, we demand that the developed countries return to the developing countries the atmospheric space that is occupied by their GHG emissions.

Carbon markets and related mechanisms:

  • The IIPFCC reiterates that the majority of the world’s forests are found in Indigenous Peoples’ lands and territories. The IIPFCC rejects carbon trading and forest carbon offsets which commodify, privatize and commercialize forests.  We are profoundly concerned that REDD+ jeopardizes the future of humanity by providing polluters with cheap permits to pollute thus further entrenching fossil fuel use, which is the major cause of the climate crisis. REDD++ also threatens the survival of Indigenous Peoples and may result in the biggest land grab of all time. The Cancun Accords failed to provide legally binding safeguards on the rights of Indigenous peoples and REDD+ type projects are already resulting in the violation of Indigenous Peoples’ rights. REDD+ promotes industrial plantations and can include the planting of genetically modified trees. Furthermore, the inclusion of soils and agricultural practices in REDD+ and other carbon marketing schemes could commodify almost the entire surface of Mother Earth. Similarly, we also reject using the algae of the oceans for REDD+ projects. Forests are most successfully conserved and managed with indigenous forest governance and recognition, demarcation and titling of Indigenous Peoples’ collective land and territories.
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11th session of UNPFII opens

11th session of UNPFII opens
There will be no true development without participation of the indigenous peoples, says Ms. Asha-Rose Migiro, UN Deputy Secretary-General

There will be no true development without participation of the indigenous peoples. In every aspect of development project, FreePrior and Informed Consent of the IPs is very essential, says Ms. Asha-Rose Migiro, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations.
Ms. Asha-Rose Migiro reaffirmed this commitment of the UN during opening session of the 11th session of the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (PFII) held at general assembly hall of the United Nations headquarters in New York on 7 May 2012.
She started her address by thanking all the indigenous peoples who have traveled from all over the world to make this happen. She reaffirmed the commitment of the UN to work for the recognition of the rights of the indigenous peoples.
She emphasized that the Secretary General wants solid participation of the indigenous peoples in Rio+20 and called upon the indigenous peoples to share their traditional knowledge there.
She further said, still now, we keep hearing stories of suffering of indigenous peoples, indigenous peoples facing injustice, women see violence, marginalization and even extinction. But, time has come now to change these stories.
Opening of the session was started by the amazing earthly sound of “didgeridoo”, an Australian aboriginal instrumental music, played by Mr. Cameron McCarthy.
Mr. Thomas Stelzer, Assistant Secretary-General for Policy Coordination and Inter-Agency Affairs, declared the opening of the 11th session of the UNPFII.
Opening welcome was made by Todadaho Sid Hill, traditional Chief of the Onondaga Nation. He greeted all the participants with his traditional ceremonial welcome, acknowledging “mother earth” as our true mother, and acknowledging everything that the creator has given to us.
In the opening session, Grand Chief Edward John, a hereditary Chief of Tl’azt’en Nation located on the banks of the Nak’al Bun (Stuart Lake) in Northern part of Canada, was elected as the Chairperson for the eleventh session and Mr.  Megan Davis, Director of the Indigenous Law Centre of Australia’s University of New South Wales was appointed as a Special Rapporteur.
The newly elected chairperson Mr. Edward John, with the consent from the respected members of the PFII, adopted the Agenda and Programme of work for the Eleventh Session. “The enduring impact of the “Doctrine of Discovery” was set as special theme for this year’s session.  The other agenda items that were set for this session include the rights of indigenous peoples to food and food sovereignty; the situation of indigenous peoples in Central and Eastern Europe, the Russian Federation, Central Asia and Transcaucasia; the upcoming World Conference on Indigenous Peoples (2014).
Talking about the main theme, “Doctrine of Discovery”, Chief Edward John said, importance should be given on enduring impact of historical wrongs as state reviews their relationship with the indigenous peoples.  He said this Forum is a wonderful opportunity for the indigenous peoples to share their stories and to discuss their collective future. He expects that the discussion that will take place at this Forum, will really make a difference to the indigenous peoples.
Mr. Thomas Stelzer, Assistant Secretary-General for Policy Co-ordination and Inter-Agency Affairs, acknowledged the depth of knowledge of the forum members.  He stated PFII is one of the best session in UN calendar where Indigenous Peoples, different organization  and UN system all come together to advance IP’S rights. He called upon the IPs to take solid participation in next month Rio+20 conference, where they can share their knowledge for sustainable development and to fight against climate change and also it will be a prime opportunity for the indigenous peoples to reaffirm all section of humanity. He further added, attention is needed from the states to promote & protect IPs rights, equality & justice.
The opening session was ended with a ceremonial prayer offered by Mayan elders.
This year, a group of indigenous representatives from Bangladesh comprising Information and Publicity Secretary of Parbatya Chattagram Jana Samhati Samiti Mangal Kumar Chakma, president of Jatiya Adivasi Parishad and chairperson of Kapaeeng Foundation Rabindranath Soren, member of Kapaeeng Foundation Anmoy Kiran Chakma, Kamalasen Chakma and Sudattapriya Chakma of Parbatya Pratibandhi Sangstha attended the 11th session of the UNPFII. Besides, member of the UNPFII and circle chief of Chakma Circle Raja Devasish also attended the session.

The 11th session of the UNPFII will continue to 18 May 2012.

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Reunión abierta de los pueblos indígenas para el intercambio de ideas sobre la Conferencia Mundial sobre los Pueblos Indígenas 2014, Copenhague, Dinamarca, 13 – 14 de enero de 2012.

Informe de la Relatora
16 de marzo de 2012
A. Antecedentes
Para continuar con el trabajo preparatorio emprendido por los pueblos indígenas en relación con la Cumbre Mundial sobre los Pueblos Indígenas 2014 (CMPI 2014), el Gobierno de Groenlandia, el Grupo de Trabajo Internacional sobre Asuntos Indígenas (IWGIA) y el Parlamento Sami de Noruega fueron anfitriones de una reunión abierta de los pueblos indígenas para el intercambio de ideas en Copenhague, Dinamarca, los días 13 y 14 de 2012 (‘reunión de Copenhague’).
Se invitó a asistir a representantes indígenas de cada una de las siete regiones globales junto con representantes de las mujeres y jóvenes indígenas. Participaron también los tres mandatos de la ONU que tratan específicamente sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas el Mecanismo de Expertos sobre los Derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas (MEDPI), el Foro Permanente para las Cuestiones Indígenas (FP) y el Relator Especial sobre pueblos indígenas (RE).1 El segundo día se celebró también un diálogo interactivo con varios representantes estatales. Hubo algunos medios de comunicación indígenas presentes, que filmaron e informaron sobre la reunión de Copenhague.
B. Palabras de apertura
El Primer Ministro de Groenlandia, señor Kuupik Kleist, dio la bienvenida a los participantes de la reunión y confirmó el apoyo de su gobierno a la CMPI 2014. Señaló que había que considerar la preocupación planteada por muchos pueblos indígenas de que se garantizase su participación plena y efectiva antes, durante y después de la CMPI 2014. Manifestó estar de acuerdo con que la Declaración de la ONU sobre los derechos de los pueblos indígenas (la Declaración) sea el marco normativo básico para la CMPI 2014. Señaló también que la CMPI 2014 debe ir más allá de la elaboración de una larga
1 En el Anexo A se encuentra la lista completa de participantes.
[2]
lista de recomendaciones: debe también tomar decisiones para fortalecer el marco institucional del sistema de la ONU de modo que los derechos de los pueblos indígenas y su coordinación dentro de la ONU se conviertan en la responsabilidad diaria de los funcionarios de alto nivel.
El señor Villy Søvndal, Ministro de Asuntos Exteriores, se dirigió también a los participantes. Habló de la larga y duradera asociación entre su gobierno y el gobierno de Groenlandia. Señaló también el apoyo de su gobierno a los pueblos indígenas en el nivel internacional y confirmó su continuado apoyo a los derechos de los pueblos indígenas y a la CMPI 2014

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